In light of increasing concerns about a reliance on pharmacotherapy for chronic noncancer pain conditions, there has been renewed emphasis on integrative — multidisciplinary and multimodal — pain management approaches focusing on biopsychosocial models. A pair of recently-reported observational studies examined outcomes of integrative pain management programs, finding that they are not beneficial for all patients and are highly dependent on patient characteristics and treatment components.
Study A: Multidisciplinary Treatment of Chronic Widespread Pain (CWP)
Research exploring the effectiveness of multidisciplinary approaches for the treatment of chronic widespread pain (CWP) has been limited, largely due to considerable heterogeneity among patients. Therefore, a research team from Amsterdam, The Netherlands, headed by Aleid de Rooij conducted an observational trial to identify predictors of integrative treatment outcomes in patients with CWP [de Rooij et al. 2013]